Spain has traditionally been a fishing country and its inhabitants have always eaten fish on a regular basis. The importance of fishing activity and fish consumption has prompted wide-ranging legislation on health, hygiene, sales, water quality and particularly on fish and shellfish farming.
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The development of fish farming has been the object of European legislation not only through the Common Organization of Markets (COM) for sea fishery and fish farming, but also in specific aspects related to health controls, certification of species before they reach consumers and the fight against specific diseases. At national level, standards for commercially identifying species have been developed, health conditions have been laid down and marketing rules drawn up.